Web development refers to the numerous processes that developers go through to build a website that will be published on the internet for business and marketing objectives. It comprises designing, programming, and database management, all of which can be accomplished using a framework that creates using various open-source web technologies available on the internet. On the internet, different types of websites can be created, including those with just one page and some basic information, those with login tabs for access to or storage of more information, and many others. We require two types of development for the creation of a website, namely:

 

 

  • Frontend development
  • Backend development

 

Let’s take a look at each one separately-

Frontend development

Frontend development is the most crucial component, which will interact with users or clients using texts, images, and other pieces of information. Using web technologies like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, such designs can be produced. The front end of a website is constructed using these platforms by developers using programming languages. 

  • HTML- Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is used to organize online information into paragraphs, bullet points, graphics, and tables. It serves as a framework for the information and material.
  • CSS- CSS stands for cascading style sheets, which specify how content is shown on screens. In essence, it offers the content a variety of styles, including color, width, alignment, and many more.
  • JavaScript (JS)- It is a programming language used to set up website running environments and to provide websites with transient characteristics. The web pages become more interactive as a result.

 

To create a user interface (UI), some of the frontend frameworks’ JavaScript libraries are as follows:

 

Backend  development

Data storage, server-side components, and APIs are all handled by backend development, which is the server side of a website. Only the developer can interact with the stored data in that area of the website that is hidden from users. Because its code runs on web servers, strong machines are designed to store a website’s contents and perform its code, it is known as server-side.

 Backends for websites are typically built using 

 

Additionally, to store and manage the website’s data, relational and non-relational databases are employed; let’s look at some instances of both.

Relational databases, like MySQL, have predefined structures using tables. Comparatively, non-relational databases, such as MongoDB (NoSQL), are less structured and have ambiguous definitions.

 

Any type of website may be created using the web technologies mentioned above. Large corporations may employ 100s of developers to create and maintain a website, whilst tiny businesses may only require two or three. It demonstrates the wide range of development options available.